Meeting the needs of all people while living within the means of our planet is the greatest challenge of the 21st century. Kate Raworth looks at the obstacles ahead.
Doughnut economics, which derives its name from Raworth's doughnut-shaped diagram, seeks to measure economic performance according to the degree to which people's basic needs – the "social foundation" (the hole in the middle) – are satisfied without overshooting the Earth's "ecological ceiling" (the crust). The hole in the middle consists of 12 social foundations, such as clean water, food and education, while the crust consists of nine ecological ceilings, including pollution, climate change and loss of biodiversity.
"I see this as humanity's 21st century challenge; it is the direction of progress that we need to make this century"Kate Raworth, author of Doughnut Economics
For Raworth, how we solve the world's problems in the coming decades is vital: "I see this as humanity's 21st century challenge; it is the direction of progress that we need to make this century."
The annual High Yield and Leveraged Finance Conference 2019 was hosted by UK country head Anne Marie Verstraeten, bringing together 700 guests, including prominent issuers and investors. It was the 15th event in the series, this year focusing on the future of Europe and key investment themes for 2019.